Your roof is like the superhero of your house, protecting you from rain, sun, and all kinds of weather. But did you know that roofs come in lots of different types? In this blog, we’re going to explore seven types of roofs that keep your home safe and looking good. Whether you like the classic wood style, the tough metal roof, or the green and eco-friendly kind, we’ve got you covered.

1. Asphalt Shingles

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Overview of Asphalt Shingles

Asphalt shingles are the most popular roofing material in North America for a good reason. They are affordable, versatile, and relatively easy to install. Asphalt shingles come in various styles, including the traditional 3-tab shingle and architectural (dimensional) shingles. They are typically composed of a fiberglass or organic mat, coated with asphalt, and embedded with ceramic granules.

Pros and Cons of Asphalt Shingles

Asphalt shingles offer several advantages, including cost-effectiveness, a wide range of colors, and ease of maintenance. However, they are not without their drawbacks. The lifespan of asphalt shingles is shorter compared to some other materials, lasting around 20 – 30 years. They also are not extremely well-suited for extreme weather conditions compared to other types of roofs.

Popular Brands and Options

At Craig Gouker Roofing, we are proud to recommend and exclusively use Owens Corning Duration Shingles for all our roofing projects. We believe in the exceptional quality and durability that Owens Corning offers, ensuring that your home receives the best protection it deserves. Some of the other popular manufacturers include Certainteed and GAF. Each manufacturer offers various lines of shingles with different features and warranties, giving you options to choose from based on your preferences and budget.


2. Metal Roofing


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Introduction to Metal Roofing


Metal roofing has gained popularity for its durability and modern aesthetic. Metal roofs are made from various materials, including steel, aluminum, and copper. They are known for their ability to withstand severe weather, making them an excellent choice for areas prone to hurricanes, heavy snow, or extreme temperatures.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Metal Roofing

The benefits of metal roofing extend beyond their longevity. They are energy-efficient, reflecting heat and reducing cooling costs. On the downside, metal roofs can be noisier during heavy rain or hailstorms, and the initial cost may be higher compared to asphalt shingles.

Types of Metals Used

Depending on your budget and preferences, you can choose from different types of metals, each with its own unique characteristics. Steel is a common choice due to its durability, while copper roofing offers a distinctive, elegant appearance.

3. Tile Roofing


Overview of Tile Roofing


Tile roofing is prized for its timeless Mediterranean or Spanish-style aesthetics. It’s often associated with luxury and is known for its longevity. Tiles can be made from various materials, including clay, concrete, and ceramic. Their durability and resistance to fire make them a preferred choice in primarily south and southwest regions across the US.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Tile Roofing

Tile roofing offers exceptional durability and an elegant appearance that can enhance your home’s curb appeal. However, they are heavy, requiring a robust roof structure for support. Additionally, tile roofing can be expensive to install.

Types of Roof Tiles

The choice of material for your roof tiles affects both the cost and the overall look of your home. Clay tiles, for instance, provide a classic Mediterranean look, while concrete tiles offer more affordability and versatility in terms of colors and styles.

4. Wood Shingles and Shakes

Introduction to Wood Shingles and Shakes 

Wood shingles and shakes offer a rustic, natural look that complements a variety of architectural styles. Shingles are typically sawn, while shakes are hand-split, providing a unique texture. Cedar and redwood are popular wood choices for their natural resistance to decay and insects.

Pros and Cons of Wood Roofing

Wood roofing is celebrated for its aesthetic charm and eco-friendliness. However, it requires regular maintenance to prevent issues like rot or mold, and it may not be the best choice in areas prone to wildfires due to its flammability.

Different Types of Wood

Cedar shingles are renowned for their durability and attractive reddish-brown hue, while redwood offers a similar lifespan and an elegant look. The choice between shingles and shakes depends on the style you desire.

5. Slate Roofing


Understanding Slate Roofing


Slate roofing represents the epitome of luxury and durability. These natural stone tiles come in a variety of colors and they can last for over a century, making them an exceptional investment in your home.

Benefits and Drawbacks of Slate Roofing

Slate roofing’s exceptional longevity and unique appearance make it a preferred choice for upscale homes. Nevertheless, they are heavy, demanding a robust roof structure. The initial cost of installation can be high, and it may require specialized installation expertise.

Varieties of Slate Tiles

Slate tiles come in different sizes, thicknesses, and colors, allowing you to create a distinct look for your home. The choice of slate type can influence not only the aesthetics but also the cost of your roofing project.

6. Synthetic Roofing Materials


Introduction to Synthetic Roofing


For those seeking a balance between cost, durability, and aesthetics, synthetic roofing materials provide an appealing alternative. These materials are engineered to mimic the appearance of natural materials, such as slate or wood, while offering the benefits of modern technology.

The Advantages and Disadvantages of Synthetic Roofs


Synthetic roofing materials are lightweight, durable, and more budget-friendly compared to their natural counterparts. They are also resistant to mold, mildew, and insects. However, their appearance may not be identical to the natural materials they imitate.

Different Types of Synthetic Roofing

You can choose from various synthetic options, including rubber roofing, plastic roofing, and composite shingles. Each type has its unique attributes and can cater to different preferences and budgets.

7. Green Roofing


What is Green Roofing?

Green roofing is a sustainable and environmentally friendly choice. It involves the incorporation of vegetation and planting on your roof, providing benefits such as improved insulation, reduced urban heat island effect, and enhanced air quality.

Benefits of Eco-Friendly Roofing

Green roofs contribute to energy efficiency by reducing heating and cooling costs. They also promote biodiversity in urban environments and are aesthetically pleasing. However, they require specific maintenance and structural considerations.

Types of Green Roofing Systems

Green roofs come in two main categories: extensive and intensive. Extensive green roofs are lightweight and low-maintenance, often covered in drought-resistant plants. Intensive green roofs, on the other hand, support a wider variety of vegetation but require more maintenance and structural support.


Let’s recap the plethora of types of roofs with a summary of the pros and cons of each type in the following table:

The world of roofing is filled with options to suit every taste and need. From the budget-friendly and low-maintenance asphalt shingles to the luxurious and long-lasting slate roofs, each type brings its own set of advantages and drawbacks. With this knowledge, you’re now well-prepared to choose the roof that will not only protect your home but also reflect your personal style. So, go ahead and make that roofing decision with confidence, knowing that your house is in good hands, rain or shine.

If you’re in need of a reputable, trustworthy roofing professional to replace your asphalt shingle roof replacement, look no further than Craig Gouker Roofing. With over three decades of experience, we are proud to be among the top roofers serving Pittsburgh and the surrounding areas.